Lat/lon: 35.434444, 71.745556
ISO code: phl
|stop||p, b, pʰ, bʰ||t̪, d̪, t̪ʰ, d̪ʰ||ʈ, ɖ, ʈʰ, ɖʰ||k, g, kʰ, gʰ|
|fricative||β̞||s, z, zʰ||ʂ||ɕ, ʑ, ʑʰ||x, ɣ||h|
|nasal||m, mʰ||n̪, n̪ʰ||ɳ|
|lateral approximant||l, lʰ|
Source: Liljegren, H., & Haider, N. (2009). Palula. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 39(03), 381-386.
Comments: “Aspiration is best considered a property of the lexical stem, rather than as a segment or a secondary articulation of any one segment. The feature occurs only once in a (phonological) word, in a majority of cases word-initially...” (p. 384) “The voiced aspirated sounds are normally phonetically realized with breathy voice during their release, and/or the vowel that immediately follows is pronounced with (at least partial) breathy voice... The voiced aspiration or ‘breathiness’ is also somewhat mobile within the syllable, and for some words even beyond the realm of a single syllable.” (p. 385) Contour pitch accents are distinguished on long vowels (déedi ‘paternal grandmother’ vs. deédi ‘burnt [F]’).
Contributed by: Dmitry Nikolaev (firstname.lastname@example.org)