Lat/lon: 34.32, 49.73
ISO code: klj
|stop||p, b||t̪, d̪||k, g||q, ɢ|
|fricative||s, z||ʃ||x, ɣ||χ, ʁ||ħ|
Source: Doerfer, Gerhard. 1988. Grammatik des Chaladsch. Turcologica Bd. 4. Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz.
Comments: The consonant system given here is an abstraction over the systems of 20+ dialects surveyed by Doerfer, some of which may not have all of the phonemes (e.g., /g/ vs. /ɣ/ and /q/ vs. /ɢ/ are sometimes mutually exclusive). However, due to a high degree of interdialect influence and lexical mixing it seems infeasible to separate pure systems (details of which are not consistently given by Doerfer himself). /f ʒ/ are restricted to Iraninan borrowings; /dʒ/ is also found in borrowings and after /n/. /v w/ are inlaut variants of /b/, they vary freely; /m/ arises due to assimilation of /n/.
Contributed by: Dmitry Nikolaev (email@example.com)