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Northern Qiang (Hongyan)

Phylum: Sino-Tibetan

Genus: Qiangic

Lat/lon: 32.069054, 103.118667

ISO code: cng

Consonants

Basic short series

bilabiallabio-velardentalalveolarretroflexalveolo-palatalpalatalvelaruvularglottal
stopp, pʰ, bt̪, t̪ʰ, d̪k, kʰ, gq, qʰ
fricatives, zʂ, ʐɕ, ʑxχ, ʁh, ɦ
affricatets, tsʰ, dztʂ, tʂʰ, dʐtɕ, tɕʰ, dʑ
lateral fricativeɬ
nasalmɲŋ
approximantwj
lateral approximantl

Vowels

Basic short series

frontcentralback
closeiu, u˞
midə, ə˞
opena, a˞

Short pharyngealised series

frontcentralback
closeiˤ, i˞ˤuˤ, u˞ˤ
midəˤ
openaˤ, a˞ˤ

Long series

centralback
close
midəː, ə˞ː
openaː, a˞ː

Long pharyngealised series

frontcentralback
closeiˤː, i˞ˤːuˤː, u˞ˤː
openaˤː

Tones

53, 33

Source: Evans, Jonathan P. 2006. Vowel quality in Hongyan Qiang. Language and Linguistics 7.937–960.

Contributed by: Dmitry Nikolaev (dnikolaev@fastmail.com)