Lat/lon: 28.866137, 102.625889
ISO code: ers
|stop||p, pʰ, b||t, tʰ, d||k, kʰ, g|
|fricative||f, v||s̪, z̪||s͇, z͇||ɕ, ʑ||x|
|affricate||t̪s̪, t̪s̪ʰ, d̪z̪||t͇s͇, t͇s͇ʰ, d͇z͇||ʈɽ, ʈɽʰ, ɖɽ||tɕ, tɕʰ, dʑ|
|stop||ⁿpʰ, ⁿb||ⁿtʰ, ⁿd||ⁿkʰ, ⁿg|
|affricate||ⁿt̪s̪ʰ, ⁿd̪z̪||ⁿt͇s͇ʰ, ⁿd͇z͇||ⁿʈɽʰ, ⁿɖɽ||ⁿtɕʰ, ⁿdʑ|
Source: Chirkova, Katia; Dehe Wang; Yiya Chen; Angélique Amelot; and Tanja Kocjančič Antolík. 2015. Ersu. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 45.187–211.
Comments: Clusters with initial nasals were analysed as phonemes. The language seems to have sesquisyllables (called ‘clusters with a schwa-like segment’ in the paper). The fricative vowels are transcribed as /z̩/ and /v̩/ in the paper — the former was transcribed following the convention for Mandarin Chinese and other languages of the region, while the latter was treated as the rounded version of the former since ‘The two are differentiated by the configuration of the lips: spread for /z̩/ and rounded for /v̩/’.
Contributed by: Dmitry Nikolaev (email@example.com)