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Kalmyk (Standard)

Phylum: Mongolic

Genus: Oirat-Khalkha

Lat/lon: 46.3, 44.3

ISO code: xal

Consonants

Basic short series

bilabiallabio-dentaldentalalveolarretroflexpalatalvelar
stopb, pd̪, t̪g, k
trillr
fricativev, fzʐ, ʂɣ, x
affricatet̪s̪ɖʐ, tʂ
nasalmŋ
approximantj
lateral approximant

Vowels

Basic short series

frontcentralback
closey
near-closeɪʊ
close-mide̞, ø̞̜
near-openɐ
opena

Long series

frontcentralback
closeiː, yː
close-mide̞ː, ø̞̜ːo̞ː
openäː, aː

Source: Санжеев, Г.Д. 1940. Грамматика калмыцкого языка. Москва/Ленинград: Издательство Академии наук СССР

Contributed by: André Nikulin (andre.n.guzman@gmail.com)